nutshell draft

Joey Abely

3/4/2019

Dr. Drown

ELA-123

 

Have you ever thought about what shaped your very own personal identity? Actually our social identity and the way we interact with others affects our personal identity. Now this may be a fetch to understand but famous writer and critical thinker Ta-Nehisi Coates illustrates this perfectly when he says, “The streets were not my only problem. If the streets shackled my right leg, the schools shackled my left. Fail to comprehend the streets and you gave up your body now. But fail to comprehend the schools and you gave up your body later.”. This illustrates my point perfectly because Coates is saying that if you are not a quick learner you will be punished now and later for your mistakes; obviously now meaning the streets and later meaning school. That shows that somehow Coates’ personal identity was shaped by his social identity after learning the way of the streets and school because he obviously personally changed and adapted himself to thrive in all settings he was in considering his respectability and him being widely known now as an author.

If that was being said for Coates then that obviously has happened to all of us but more under the radar. In my own personal experience I was never a Bruins fan growing up even though all of my family was and after the years and years of going to parties and watching the Bruins hundreds of times somehow it grew on me and I began to really like the Bruins, so much so that I even ended up going to a bunch of their games and now I attended fifteen annually. But it is also like that for everyone; just think of how you became to like the things you do, certain foods, movies, sports teams, religion, etc… I am sure you can find some area in your life where the people you were surrounded with helped influence a decision you made or changed your opinion on something which in turn affected your personal identity.

Think about it this way; what is your favorite sport? How did you come to like and learn about the sport? I can tell you in my case it was from the constant watching and knowledge, sometimes unwanted, being thrown at me from my father who was an excellent hockey player. He would always bring home new hockey sticks for me and always drove me to be the hockey player I am today and in turn he helped me as a person. Not from the gentle conversations related to hockey but by the powerful meaning and impact behind every word spoken to me.

This segways us into how our social identities shape our personal identities. In Between The World And Me by Ta-Nehisi Coates, Coates has been leading a lifestyle of staying out of trouble but the best example of how our social identities shape our personal identities is when Coates gets a gun drawn on him, “ The boy with the small eyes reached into his ski jacket and pulled out a gun. I recall it in the slowest motion, as though in a dream. There the boy stood, with the gun brandished, which he slowly untucked, tucked, then untucked once more, and in his small eyes a saw a surging rage that could, in an instant, erase my body”. This probably the most powerful part of the book shows us that this “boy” who is flexing his gun off to Coates clearly was influenced socially by people to make him at such a young age carry around and wield a gun. We understand the characters young age by the imagery created by Coates and the boys “small eyes”. This shows somehow that the boy was influenced in my opinion for the worst, which then in turn made him pull his gun on Coates.

In conclusion well all know that other people and things influence our identities, but will we take every measure possible to be the best person we can be rather than feeding in and being like the “boy” with the gun?

 

MARCH 2 IN THE Nutshell Essay

A social identity is what everyone gets to see. It’s the you who goes to the bank, it’s the you who ride the train to work, and, it’s the one who talks to your acquaintances at the office. It usually reflects social norms with minor degrees of variants in a variety of different aspects. These slight variances are only small indicators of what lies below the immediate surface.  Weather-conscious or not we all have these small little tells which signal the true person we are below. Our personal identities are far more elusive. Maybe only a can full of people will get to see this side of you the real you behind the mask that lured them in. Even then it can be very difficult for one to connect with their true self.  as it can take years of self-reflection to truly get at who you are as a person. So, if it is the case that it’s hard here in contact with your personal identity can your social identity affect who you are? Well, your personal identity usually shaped by how people treat you in life and that can wildly very even in just the United States alone.

 

Our minds and our relationships kind of go hand in hand. From day one of our lives, our minds are shaped by our caretakers whether these are our mother and father or Legal guardians. They   Are for a time some of the only human beings you know and the only ones you get to learn from and Thus shape an immense part of your life and how you think. They can pass on cultural traditions, local social norms, and, mindsets and these sorts of things shape how you think and how your mind works. This also suddenly influences how you seek out relationships with other people. Thus, our mindsets affect how we find new relationships. showing how intertwined these 2 things are.

 

Our lives and our life paths again just like our minds and our relationships Share a heavy correlation with each other.    As the way, someone lives their life affects where they go in life. Now the way someone lives their life obviously can be in varying degrees of control of the person who lives it. So, people are not totally responsible for their life path, but it is still expected that at points in which would have required self-agency that someone takes it in order to get themselves a respectable life path. however, this does bring up how circumstantial life path are at times. It’s not to say that people cannot achieve a goal even if they work for it. It’s more saying that certain people are set up better to achieve certain goals. This inequality means that certain people tend to end up in certain places in society while others tend to end up in other places. For example, a person from an upper-class family is more likely to stay in the upper class then someone from the lower classes to enter the upper classes. Now you can look at this in a lot of ways like one way is that there is a systemic biased for people being the upper class staying in the upper class and for people who were poor to stay poor or you could see it as a table of probabilities in ratios that usually trend out to stay wherever they are.

Rose & Coates (Rough Draft)

Jack MacFarland came into Rose life at the right time. Especially with all the stuff that Rose was dealing with at the time. Rose liked how hard and how invested Jack was into his work. MacFarland was important to Rose success because he made Rose more invested into his school work and got him into college. Coates did not learn much from the classroom as much as Rose did from the classroom. Most of the knowledge Coates received was from outside the classroom and in the books he read. If it wasn’t for MacFarland Rose would not have went to college because he had not even thought of the idea of higher education. Coates had similar figures in his life when he read books about powerful black figures in the black community. Malcom X was a huge role model to him in his life because he admired how real he was with society. Rose and Coates received different mentorship in life but ended up at the same end goal which was being successful. The mentorship that Rose received was mainly from his teacher MacFarland. Learning the ways to get your work done and enjoy the work you do. For Coates the mentorship that he received was from multiple people but mainly from the books he read and to be more specific from most of the books he read about Malcome X.  

Our social identities shape our personal identities, our minds, our relationships, our lives, our life paths, our prospects, our sense of America and the American Dream in many ways. The reason why these identities shape our lives is because society cannot function without categorizing everything. Therefore, the way you present yourself to the world decides your life path and etc. For example, when Rose was going to school, he uses to goof around and not take school serious, never thinking about a higher education once he graduated from high school. Until one day he decided to change his life around and take school serious by taking pride in the work he did. The day Rose decided to step it up in the classroom and change the way he was perceived as a person to society was a turning point that lead Rose to a successful life. 

When Coates explains the fear of his life at the 7-11 it was easy for me to understand. The boy in the ski jacket at the 7-11 wanted to state the power he had by pulling out the gun showing how easily he could of taken Coates life. The reason for that boy doing that is because he fears life to just as much as Coates does, but his way of expressing this and feeling secure was by pulling out that gun showing his power. Coates explains how he was so shocked from what happen that he didn’t tell anyone what happen and just try to process what happened to him all that day. The differences that Coates describes between the experiences of the little white boys and his owns is that they live in a different type of environment. Where in their world the only worry they have is not getting poison oak on them. For Coates he has two worry about the destruction of his body that other can inflict on him. When Coates says, “Comparing these dispatches with the facts of my country was a galaxy and this galaxy stretched from the pandemonium of west Baltimore to the happy hunting grounds of Mr. Belvedere. I was obsessed over the distance between that other sector of space and my own.”  Coates calls this the American Galaxy because how different his life is from other people around the country; preferably white people. Rose is a great example of this because he grew up in a similar environment as Coates but never faced the same problems as Coates. Rose even explains how, “There were gang members who sauntered up from Hoover Avenue, three blocks to the east and occasionally I would get shoved around, but they had little interest in me either as member or victim. I was a skinny, bespectacled kid and had neither the coloring nor the style of dress or carriage that mark me as a rival.”  

Rose use to read a lot of sci-fi books when he was younger, then he stopped for a while because he had become a mediocre student. If it wasn’t for his teacher MacFarland, Rose would have never reconnected his passion for books. One thing that Coates and Rose shared was the passion they felt for the books they read. Coates use to always read books and the main reason why was because whenever he looked for an answer to a question, he didn’t understand he would ask his parent for the answer. They would always refer him to a book to find the answer his self. Another influence on his reading career was his uncle he would always give him interesting books to read because he knew how much Coates was interested into reading. For Coates writing skill I believed they came from his grandmother because whenever Coates would get in trouble in school, she would have he sit down and write about why he felt the need to get in trouble. She did this to Coates not to discipline him but to challenge his feelings and how he can express then in writing. For Rose his writing skill became from his teacher MacFarland. Since he admired his teacher so much, he took an interest in what he taught. Which was the being to Rose writing career. 

Final draft

Joey Abely

Dr. Drown

English 122

February 4, 2019

Hiding From The Truth

 

In recent discussions of identity, a controversial issue has been whether people have abused their power to hide identity. On the one hand, somer argue that identity can be whatever you make them and hidden when needed, however, others argue that identities should be kept true throughout one’s life. In the words off Appiah one of this view’s main proponents,”we have multiple identities and multiple points of contact with other people, and it’s almost never true that there is no shared ground at all.”. According to this view, people keep multiple identities some hidden some not. In sum, then, the issue is whether or not keeping your identity hidden is a good or bad thing. My own view is keeping your identity hidden in some purposes can be innocent.

Some people such as celebrities harmlessly hide their identities by wearing disguises in public and using fake names for anything they need when they’re out. Other people hide their identities because they are criminals or a minority depending on the time in history. And lastly the most harmless way people hide their identities is by remaining anonymous while giving any important information or donating money. There are many different instances where hiding part of somebody’s identity can be beneficial for the person. For instance if somebody was to be a criminal and then hid their identity they would benefit from avoiding jail as long as nobody knew who they were, but on the flip side they would be slammed with extra charges and longer sentencing (depending on the crime they committed). For somebody who is a celebrity who hides their identity from the public while out benefits from not being in the spotlight and flowing under the radar which is unusual for their day to day life, but if caught their image goes down and they may lose some fans. While donating money seems nice it is even nicer when you do it unanimously for various reasons; one being so if you donate a large amount of money nobody knows, and because some people may not be able to donate as much as you can so by donating it unanimously nobody feels bad about who can spend how more. But there is a whole different aspect of identity hiding and it’s not just names, hiding religions and race was and is still fairly common in our world today. A famous example of people who would hide their identity were those of the Holocaust. Most Jews in Germany (except the few German Jews that were given and accepted the opportunity to convert religions) tried to escape the inevitable fate of death by saying they they were not Jewish. A popular example of someone who did this and that is known worldwide for her diary is Anne Frank. Sometimes people have to hide their identity due to their race, back in the early 1900’s many people discriminated against African Americans making it extremely difficult for them to prosper in our economy. Society in my eyes gains nothing from a person hiding their identity over time. A society should be able to be lived in without people having their identity hidden for various reasons. But when people do hide their identity it definitely takes away from the society and speaks about the people living there. I have also came to notice you’re the true creator of your identity, “If you allow your identity to be totally shaped by your opposition to a dominant culture, as many racial groups have done because of the history of racism and xenophobia, you can become locked into that minority status. The first time a group becomes conscious of itself as an important social group, it is because they realize that they’re all being subjected to something. But if you define yourself through the act of opposition, then you’re letting the oppressors set the terms.” (Appiah).

I have come to the conclusion that identities are what shape the world. Without them we would be lost in a maze of people running around doing basically the same thing as everyone else: eating, sleeping, and keeping ourselves occupied and able to be self sufficient (work) during the day. Only you and your actions can shape your identity and how you’re viewed by others.

 

Final Draft

Kuomar Fitzgerald
February 7th, 2019
Eng 123
Dr. Drown

Covering 101

One of the vital issue society faces today is covering. The prime concern is that covering is holding back many groups today. For instance, in Kenji Yoshino article he says “The reason racial minorities are pressured to “act white” is because of white supremacy. The reason women are told to downplay their child-care responsibilities in the workplace is because of patriarchy. And the reason gays are not to “flaunt” is because of homophobia. So long as such covering demands persist, American civil rights will not have completed its work.” Most of the points that Yoshino makes about covering I agree with because so many people feel as though they must hide who they are as a person to get by in life. Yoshino also explains, “To cover is to tone down a disfavored identity to fit into the mainstream.” Which many people do in todays’ society because of judgement. 

There can be a lot of controversy about how someone true self and false self can balance them out. Society most likely supports the fact that there should either be a true self or a false self; not both. However, I disagree because I believe in certain situations life requires both identities and I find nothing wrong with that. Yoshino mentions, “What I love about Winnicott is that he does not demonize the False self. To the contrary, Winnicott believes the false self protects the true self: “The false self has one positive and very important function: to hide the true self, which it does by compliance with environmental demands.” Like a king casting behind a rock in chess, the more valuable but less powerful piece retreats behind the less valuable but more powerful one. Because the relationship between the true self and the false self-symbiotic, Winnicott believes both selves will exist even in the healthy individual.” People hide their identity all the time. I believe when people are applying for a job, they must hide their identity because society can’t cope with people’s true selves. For example, when applying to a job you can’t always show your true self because the person who plans on hiring you might not like your true self and can choose not to hire you if they don’t want too. That’s why it would be best to show your false self to cover who you are. It’s kind of messed up that we as people have to hide who we are, but that’s just the way society is today. 

Hiding your identity can be good or bad for a person all depending on the circumstances. For example, it could be bad interacting with society with your false self, looking for friends because you won’t find the group of people that you socially fit in with because your hiding your identity. However, it can be good too because hiding your identity can keep you from getting hurt. A prime example of this is when Jussie Smollett got hurt because of his identity. If the people who hurt Jussie Smollett just left him alone and accept who he is as a person and not diminishing him as a human being everything would be fine, but it’s not because society is so afraid of change. A female colleague of Yoshino expressed, “When I was in graduate school, there was an African- American man who studied German Romantic poetry. Under your model, I could easily see someone saying he was covering his African American identity by studying something so esoteric and highbrow. But it was clear to me he was studying Romantic poetry because he was seized by it. And if someone had assumed, he was studying it to act white they would have diminished him as a human being.”  

Society faces the struggle of grasping the concept of what they could gain or lose from hiding their identity. Humanity loses so much when people feels as though they must always hide who they are as a person. Losing the originality and all the good ideas people have that we miss out on because people are probably too afraid to share what their thinking. Oppose to if people didn’t cover their identity, mankind has so much to gain from it. People wouldn’t feel as scared to share their ideas and who they are as a person because everyone would be treated equal and it wouldn’t matter who you are as a person. Yoshino explained it best when he said, “The universality of the covering demand, however, is also a potential boon for civil rights advocates. I too worry about our current practice of fracturing into groups, each clamoring for state and social solicitude. For this reason, I do not think we can move forward by focusing on the old-fashioned group-based identity politics. We must instead build a new civil rights paradigm on what draws us together rather than on what drives us apart. Because covering applies to us all.” To protect the civil rights of people facing societal demands to cover we must come together as a society and inform everyone about this issue. The more aware people are the better it would be to stop this social demand society has. A great way to get the word out about social demand to society is to have it trend on social media and start up events about this problem. Society needs a push into a change for the better, hashtag end social demand.

Work Cited

Yoshino, Kenji. “The New Civil Rights .” The New Civil RIghts , pp. 479–490.

Covering- Final Draft

People hide their identity for all different reasons, when this happens it’s called covering. Yoshino defines covering as “To tone down a disfavored identity to fit into the mainstream,” (479). He also uses the terms true self and false self throughout the article in order to exhibit his ideas on covering and when it occurs. After reading his article, what came to my attention most are the two terms listed above, equality paradigm and liberty paradigm. These four words are essential for answering the questions; In what kinds of circumstances would a person need to hide a part of their identity? What might hiding a part of their identity do to and for a person – both in those particular circumstances and over time? And what might a society gain and lose when a person covers a part of their identity over time?

A false self is when someone pretends to be something they’re not, which can happen for many reasons; popularity, legal issues or protection. In some circumstances they  may hide only parts of their identity but other times they might hide who they are entirely and a true self is when someone acts how they normally do and doesn’t pretend to be something they’re not, they may be in an environment where they feel completely comfortable to express who they are. However, in circumstances such as the Holocaust, Jewish people wanted to hide their identity to stay alive. A person also might try to hide their identity at a job interview or an event of significance to prevent them from getting in trouble or judged unfairly. Overtime if a person hides their identity they may lose track of who they are, whether it’s good or bad, or it can shape them into the person they’re hoping to be. Society is exceptional at making people hide their identity in order to fit the standards.

When someone who has a “different” personality hides their true self, society gains a dominant group of people looking and acting a certain way, everything is orderly and predictable. However when this happens it causes unique people to be lost and silenced, when the person could have benefitted a certain cause, we have a loss of potential.“In practice, I expect the liberty paradigm to protect the authentic self better than the equality paradigm. While it need not do so, the equality paradigm is prone to essentializing the identities it protects. Under an equality paradigm, if a woman who wore a lot of makeup were protected by a court because makeup is an “essential” part of being a woman, this could reinforce the stereotype that women wear makeup,” (485). What this quote is saying is the liberty paradigm protects what people do to express themselves and that the equality paradigm protects how people chose to identify themselves, which is why the use of makeup is an example to explain this. Groups of women are categorized into certain groups as are many other people who do all the same things that may not be normal to certain people, however they’re not protected by law.

The civil rights law  protects groups such as race, sex, orientation, religion and disabilities, which is one of  Yoshino’s significant points throughout the article. If there is a law to protect these rights, then what about the groups that aren’t as popular? “Law is also an incomplete solution to coerced assimilation because it has yet to recognize my raid groups subjected to covering demands outside traditional civil rights classifications like race, sex, orientation, religion, and disability. Whenever I speak about covering, I receive new instances of identities that can be covered. This is Winnicott’s point- each one of us has a False Self that hides a True one. The law may someday move to protect some of these identities. But it will never protect them all,” (486). This quote explains that there are many different groups outside of the typical ones, however a law can’t protect them all from harassment and judgement. These minority groups may feel they need to cover this identity to avoid certain situations from happening.

In society today it’s a shame people have to hide who they are because they are fearful of how others will act. Law enforcement gets involved substantially with issues like these and most people depend on these people to defend their rights, which is explained in the quote, “For these reasons, I am troubled that Americans seem increasingly to turn toward the law to do the work of civil rights precisely when they should be turning away from it. The real solution lies in all of us as citizens, not in the tiny subset of us who are lawyers. People who are not lawyers should have reason-forcing conversations outside the law,” (487).

Covering is beneficial to learn about because we can understand our own actions and if we do in fact have a false self, or if we are trying to hide ourselves. We can discover who we are in certain settings and around certain people. Once we know these things about yourself we can decide who we want in our lives so we can act as our true self all the time. It also brings attention to what civil rights laws have done for certain people of different classifications. Civil rights laws help minority groups feel protected from hate crimes and the overall image of what their identity stands for. These laws have also helped people feel proud of who they are. We encounter different identities every day we are on earth so it’s in our favor to learn about these things to gain a better understanding of the people around us.

The Nutshell: Covering Final Confrontation

Identity is something that is intrinsic to any human being. A unique collection of memories, relationships, and, physical space. But We all cover something in our identity. Whether it is to make some small talk flow better or get that job you really need, but it works in an even broader sense like covering your national origin or race. Why do we hide these things, because it is not mainstream? Covering is the act of withholding part of one’s identity when in a social situation and is a critical component of assimilation. The word covering was coined by Yoshino Kenji a Constitutional Lawyer. He uses it in his book of the same name. Despite not making any sense, some people just hate other people for factors far out of there control. Now, in all honesty, the fact that you’re gay should not come up during any job interview. Let alone be one of the many criteria you’re judged by during the hiring process. As a large population, especially within the United States, still views being gays unfavorable trait and as It’s relatively unknown how they will respond to such topics. Now, active withholding this information with changing you are perceived to others is Covering. However, Kenji Yoshino says it best “Everyone covers. To cover is to down a disfavored to fit into the mainstream.”. So, for example in the statement, I said earlier about being gay. Covering for being gay would be portraying yourself as straight. So, let’s say you’re in the company showers and the guys are talking about celebrities that they think are attractive and everyones throwing out names like Scarlett Kohansson, Kim Carasson, and, Jegan Fox. You really want to say Jeff Goldblum, but you know that you’ll be ostracized for saying that, so you say Jessica Elba. It basically amounts to pre-emptive reaction to social ostracization.

 

Hiding has been part of humanity since before we were human. Actively withdrawing yourself to a secluded area too be sheltered from threats is something that all life does. However, like all survival strategy strategies, it’s only effective in the right place at the right time. Just like how you don’t conserve water in a rainforest or go to Antarctica naked you shouldn’t have to cover in. And you shouldn’t have to hide in a society that should expect you for who you are.  Covering, just like ill-applied survival, can result in serious damage to one’s health and sanity. One can become disconcerting with themselves and society. Hatred can be a natural response to pent up emotions especially to those who are the source. “The True Self is associated with human spontaneity and authenticity: “Only the True Self can be creative and only the True Self can feel real.” The False Self, in contrast, gives an individual a sense of being unreal, a sense of futility. It mediates the relationship between the True Self and the world.” No matter what in someone’s life not being able to be who you are can be maddening. It Leads to a disregard of those who put you down and not in their self-interest. Such as saying things that take their cause for social recognition back years. It is almost paradoxical as those who wish to bring their authorization to an end must be stronger than their oppressors. So, murderers are terrible people. I’m glad to live in a society where murderers are fully punished by the law. Outside of the moral ambiguity of medical procedures and horticulture. Someone with a gun going around killing other people is wrong and gets punished but Is that a violation of their rights. Do society have the right forcing people who true self is to kill others to not by punishing those who do.

 

Yoshino’s paper on Covering really shows how it connects to topics like true self and civil right. It also shows how covering is something humans have been probably doing since the beginning of the mainstream and how covering isn’t the problem but a symptom of the problem. The civil right movement Still has more ground to cover as legal representation does not mean social acceptance.

Yoshino Paper – Final

Ryan DeLuca

Feb 2nd, 2019

Eng 123

Dr. Drown

I was in the search for a new concept and a new idea to help me think about Identity. The concept is called “covering”. What does “covering” mean? Covering in my own words is when you hide your true self in order please the people around you or to blend in. Who introduced me to this new concept? His name is Kenji Yoshino, he is “…the Chief Justice Earl Warren Professor of connotational Law at New York University.” Yoshino is a gay Asian American who has been studying constructional law for a long time and is involved in civil rights. In his reading, he talks about Race, Gender, and Sexual Orientation Civil rights and how Civil rights movements in America have scientifically slowed. Yoshino brings in a psychoanalyst to help him with his topic of talking about identities his name is D. W Winnicott, he talks about the difference between your “True self” and your “False self” as well as the consequences a person may experience covering their “True self” for too long.

The term “Covering”, in Yoshinos words, means “to tone down a disfavored identity to fit into the mainstream.” Someone would essentially be covering their “True self” and replacing it with their “False self”. Winnicott explores the ideas about “True self” and “False self” and what they do for a person. Winnicott says, “The true self is the self that gives an individual the feeling of being real, which is more than existing; it is finding a way to exist as oneself and to relate to object as oneself, and to have self into which to retreat for relaxation.” The “True self” gives a person a sense of being, a sense of purpose, and allows the person to be who they really are without restrictions. Winnicott explains, “The False Self, in contrast, gives an individual a sense of being unreal, a sense of futility. It mediates the relationship between the True Self and the world.” What this means is the “False self” protects the “True self” from possible rejection or emotional pain, the act of covering is a way to avoid those two factors.

When someone covers their true self, the reason fluctuates with certain circumstances, one of two certain circumstances is a job interview, you want your future boss to see the best you, in this circumstance you would feel the need or want to cover your bad traits or your true self and only show your best self. Essentially covering is, be the person you want to be seen as not the person you are. The second circumstance for covering we will say you live in a very religious society or community and people in that society or community are very deep into their belief that same-sex intimacy is wrong, and you’ve developed a liking towards the same sex in your very religious society or community. To avoid being ousted, or in an extreme case beaten you would want to or need to “Cover” the idea that you have a liking toward someone of the same sex. Yoshino uses a famous example of real-world covering to emphasize that people in the spotlight cover too because they as well were afraid of the backlash it might have caused, “Long after they came out as Lesbians, Rosie O’ Donnell and Mary Cheney still covered, keeping their same-sex partners out of the public eye.” Even though Rosie O’ Donnell and Mary Cheney came out as Lesbians they still covered the fact that they had same-sex lovers simply because it was outside of what was the societal norm.

However, hiding your “True self” for too long can have negative consequences. Specifically, hiding the true self for too long may cause the person to lose the self that they were hiding, or cause the person to blow up and have an episode. Yoshino explains, “At the negative extreme, the false self completely obscures the True Self, perhaps even from the individual herself.” The guy or girl that was covering for his/her job interview, who was showing who he/her isn’t may lose the part of him/her was covering making there “False self” their “True self”. The boy or girl in the very religious community may have some very negative consequences on their mental health, by covering their gay or lesbian identity the boy or girl may fall into severe depression, and without any support from the community the boy or girl may concede to mental pain they might be experiencing from covering their “True self” from their community.

What a society might gain from someone covering their true self is a very hard list to make because I don’t think society would gain much from a person hiding their “True self” and showing everyone their “false self”. But one thing a society might gain from covering is kindness if someone is covering their selfishness and showing their kindness then other people might want to do the same thing. What a society might lose from covering your true self, is a much larger and easier list to make, a society might lose its sense of community, if a bunch of the community members started showing there “false self” and everyone kept doing that there wouldn’t be a sense of community, no one would have the pleasure of yelling at their neighbor for blowing grass on there lawn or throwing their dog crap over the fence. A society might also lose lives from covering, let go back to the religious community the boy or girl who have fallen into severe deportation might start to develop suicidal thoughts and without the help of their community, they might decide to kill themselves.

Covering is a problem in America and that is why Yoshino a Law professor decided to spark the conversation by writing a book that is called “Covering”. Covering is a civil rights issue because some people in the community are expected to cover in simply to make other people in the community happy, some people may be asked to cover because they make the people around them uncomfortable for maybe the clothes they are wearing or their sexual orientation, when it’s a person civil right to be able to wear the clothes they want and to love the person they want.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Work Cited

BARRIOS, BARCLAY. EMERGING: Contemporary Readings for Writers. BEDFORD BKS ST MARTINS, 2010.

Yoshino, Kenji. “The New Civil Rights .” The New Civil RIghts , pp. 479–490.

Yoshino paper – Final

Ryan DeLuca

Feb 2nd, 2019

Eng 123

Dr. Drown

I was introduced to a new concept and a new idea to think about the new concept is called “covering”. What does “covering” mean? Covering is when you hide your true self in order to blend in or please the people around you or to blend in. Who introduced me into this new concept? His name is Kenji Yoshino, he is “…the Chief Justice Earl Warren Professor of connotational Law at New York University.” Yoshino is a gay Asian American who has been studying constructional law for a long time and is involved in civil rights, in his reading he talks about Race, Gender, and Sexual Orientation Civil rights. Yoshino brings in a person to help him with his topic of talking about identities. This other person is called D. W Winnicott, he talks about the difference between your “True self” and your “False self” as well as the consequences a person may experience hiding their “True self” for too long.

The term “Covering”, in Yoshinos words means “to tone down a disfavored identity to fit into the mainstream.” Someone would essentially be covering their “True self” and replacing it with their “False self”. Winnicott explores the ideas about “True self” and “False self” and what they do for a person. Winnicott says, “The true self is the self that gives an individual the feeling of being real, which is more than existing; it is finding a way to exist as oneself, and to relate to object as oneself, and to have self into which to retreat for relaxation.” The “True self” gives a person a sense of being and allows the person to be who they really are without restrictions. Winnicott explains, “The False Self, in contrast, gives an individual a sense of being unreal, a sense of futility. It mediates the relationship between the True Self and the world.” What this means if the “False self” protects the “True self” from possible rejection or emotional pain.

The reason a person would want to cover their “True self” fluctuates for certain circumstances, I have two examples. The first example will say you are going to a job interview and you would like what might possibly be your new boss to see the best you, so you would feel the need or the want to cover your bad traits whatever they might be and only show your best self, the person you want to be seen as. The second example will involve sexual orientation, let’s say you live in a very religious society or community and people in that society or community are very deep into their belief that same sex intimacy is wrong, and you have developed a liking towards the same sex in your very religious society or community so to avoid being ousted or in an extreme case beaten, you would want to or need to “Cover” the idea that you have a liking toward someone of the same sex.

Hiding your “True self” for too long might cause the person to lose the self that they were hiding or might cause the person to blow up and have an episode. The guy that was covering for his job interview, who was showing who he isn’t may lose the part of him or her was covering making there “False self” their “True self”. The boy or girl in the very religious community may have some very bad effects on their mental health by covering their gay or lesbian identity, the boy or girl may fall into sever depression and without any support from the community the boy or girl may sacrum to mental pain they are experiencing from covering their “True self”.

I think I already elaborated in this a little but what a society might gain from someone hiding their true self is a very hard list to make because I don’t think a society would gain much from a person hiding their “True self” and showing everyone their “false self”. But one thing a society might gain from covering is kindness, if someone is covering their selfishness and showing their kindness then other people might want to do the same thing. What a society might lose from covering your true self, is a much larger and easier list to make, a society might lose its sense of community, if a bunch of the community members started showing there “false self” and everyone kept doing that there wouldn’t be a sense of community, no one would have the pleasure of yelling at their neighbor for blowing grass on there lawn or throwing their dog crap over the fence. A society might also lose lives from covering, let go back to the religious community the boy or girl who have fell into sever deportation might start to develop suicidal thoughts and without the help of their community they might decide to kill themselves.

Covering is a problem in America and that is why Yoshino a Law professor decided to spark the conversation by writing a book that is called “Covering”. Covering is a civil rights issue because some people in the community are expected to cover in simply to make other people in the community happy, some people may be asked to cover because they make the people around them uncomfortable for maybe the clothes they are wearing or their sexual orientation, when it is a person civil right to be able to wear the clothes they want and to love the person they want.

 

 

 

 

 

Work Cited

Yoshino, Kenji. “The New Civil Rights .” The New Civil RIghts , pp. 479–490.

Covering 101

“What I love about  Winnicott is that he does not demonize the False self. To the contrary, Winnicott believes  the false self protects the true self: “The false self has one positive and very important function: to hide the true self, which it does by compliance with environmental demands.” Like a king casting behind a rock in chess, the more valuable but less powerful piece retreats behind the less valuable  but more powerful one. Because the relationship between the true self and the false self symbiotic, Winnicott believes both selves will exist even in the healthy individual.” People hide their identity all the time. I believe when people are applying for a job or at a work place they have to hide their identity because society can’t cope with peoples true selves. For example when applying to a job you can’t always show your true self because the person who plans on hiring you might not like your true self and can choose not to hire you if they don’t want too. That’s why it would be best to show your false self to cover who you are. It’s kind of messed up that we as people have to hide who we are, but that’s just the way society is today.

Hiding your identity can be good and bad for a person all depending on the particular circumstances. For example it can be bad because when looking for friends you won’t find the group of people that you fit in with because your hiding your identity. However, it can be good too because hiding your identity can keep you from getting hurt.“When I was in graduate school, there was an African- American man who studied German Romantic poetry. Under your model, I could easily see someone saying he was covering his African American identity by studying something so esoteric and highbrow. But it was clear to me he was studying Romantic poetry because he was seized by it. And if someone had assumed he was studying it to act white they would have diminished him as a human being.” A prime example of this is when Jussie Smollett got hurt because of his identity. If the people who hurt Jussie Smollett just left him alone and accept who he is as a person and not diminishing him as a human being everything would be fine, but it’s not because society is so afraid of change.

“The universality of the covering demand, however, is also a potential boon for civil rights advocates. I too worry about our current practice of fracturing into groups, each clamoring for state and social solicitude. For this reason, I do not think we can move forward by focusing on the old-fashioned group-based identity politics. We must instead build a new civil rights paradigm on what draws us together rather than on what drives us apart. Because covering applies to us all.” Society loses so much when people feels as though they have to hide who they are as a person. Society loses originality and all the good ideas people could have but we miss out on this because people are probably to afraid to share what their thinking. However if people didn’t cover who they are, society has so much to gain from it. People wouldn’t feel scared to share their ideas and who they are as a person because everyone would be treated equal and it wouldn’t matter who you are as a person.

“The universality of the covering demand, however, is also a potential boon for civil rights advocates. I too worry about our current practice of fracturing into groups, each clamoring for state and social solicitude. For this reason, I do not think we can move forward by focusing on the old-fashioned group-based identity politics. We must instead build a new civil rights paradigm on what draws us together rather than on what drives us apart. Because covering applies to us all.” To protect the civil rights of people facing societal demands to cover we as a society have to come together and inform everyone about this issue. The more aware people are the better it would be to stop this social demand society has. A great way to really get the word out about social demand to society is to have it trend on social media.

 

 

 

 

 

Hiding your identity can be good and bad for a person all depending on the particular circumstances. For example it can be bad because when looking for friends you won’t find the group of people that you fit in with because your hiding your identity. However, it can be good too because hiding your identity can keep you from getting hurt.“When I was in graduate school, there was an African- American man who studied German Romantic poetry. Under your model, I could easily see someone saying he was covering his African American identity by studying something so esoteric and highbrow. But it was clear to me he was studying Romantic poetry because he was seized by it. And if someone had assumed he was studying it to act white they would have diminished him as a human being.” A prime example of this is when got hurt because of his identity. If the people who hurt Jussie  just left him alone and accept who he is as a person and not diminishing him as a human being everything would be fine, but it’s not because society is so afraid of change.